‘Guru Nanak’, who lived in the 15th century
AD, began the Sikh religion with his life and vision. At a
time when there were many religious conflicts and
superstitious practices in North India, he found this new
religion, Sikhism. He was the first of the 10 Gurus
(Teacher) whose followers are known as the Sikhs (student
Sikhism is the understanding and practice of the teachings
of the Gurus. A Sikh, according to Guru Nanak, is one who
obeys the commands of the Guru. ‘Sikhs Sangat’
(congregation) began in the early days, where the Sikhs
assemble at the home of the Guru and to offer prayers.
Nowadays Sikhs assemble at a Gurdwara (temple) for
worship, singing of hymns and carrying out Sikh
ceremonies. The temple is also a place for giving and
sharing of food.
~ Sikhism believes in the existence of One God (Ik).
The Sikhs believe that god is original and eternal. He is
the Supreme One or Creator, the source from which all
beings and things have begun.
~ The Guru, the true teacher, is a model of wisdom
and spiritual perfection. He enlightens the minds of his
followers through personal examples, religious
instructions and the swinging of hymns.
~ The Gurus prescribed certain standards for moral
behaviour in their teachings. They taught basic values
such as equality, freedom, brotherhood, charity,
steadfastness, humility, devotion and balance in life. A
disciple acquires wisdom and virtues through upholding and
practicing these values.
~ The Gurus also states that man must earn his keep by his
own honest and hard work, and he is prepared to share the
fruits of his labour with others. The works, man
contributes to the community accumulates as he is judged
on the judgment day.
~ Sikhs believe in the concept of the individual
soul and the cycle of rebirth.
~ The ‘Guru Granth Sahib’ is the holy book of
~ The 5Ks are items worn by the Sikhs, as a uniform
and as symbols of their religion. As each item begins with
the sound of the letter ‘K’ in Punjabi, they are known
as the 5Ks.
- A Kirpan (sword) – to defend the good and the less
- A Kara (bangle) – to remind them of God’s love and
out righteous actions
- Kesh (uncut hair) – to symbolise saintliness and
- A Kangha (comb) – to keep their hair nest and clean
- A Kaccha (pair of shorts) – to reflect chastity.